Ballistics

It is known that armored vehicles can be manufactured directly on the factory that produces base vehicles or by specialized companies dealing with the re-equipment of the base cars.

Only three European manufacturers deal with armoring: Daimler (in its range – Maybach and the Mercedes lineup, including the presidential Pullman), Audi (A6 and A8 model) and BMW (“5”, “7” and X5). But this is only motor-vehicle, which can`t provide the best possible ballistic protection. We offer an alternative – a higher level of safety with the unique design.

Let`s try to explain a little bit tangled situation with the determining the degree of ballistic protection. There are up to 10 standards of ballistic protection in the world. Generally, they have a protection class with the corresponding serial number. And sometimes the confusion appears when the manufacturer provides test reports, 4 class certificates, which may protect due to different standards against guns, automatic weapons of 7.62 caliber and sniper rifles with armor-piercing bullets.

In the European Union civic armored vehicles are certified according to the single ballistic standards EN 1063/1522/1523. There are only seven levels of protection and they are indicated by letters and numbers (from B2 to B7). The USA N.I.J.0108-01 standard includes 2, 2a, 3, 3a, 4 classes. At the same time 2, 2a, 3, 3a classes correspond to the B2-B6 classes (EN 1063/1522/1523), and 4 class – up B7 and provides protection against armor-piercing incendiary bullets 7,62x54mm B-32, which none of civilian armored car can protect.

The fact is that the European Standards (EN) don`t satisfy a number of European experts no longer. And the biggest drawback of EN is that they provide firing using only conventional ammunition from Europe and America. Meanwhile, there are many Russian weapons in the trades, which most need armored vehicles (the CIS, the Middle East and Latin America). Is “euro armor” able to sustain shelling from AKM or even more powerful Dragunov sniper rifle? And what type of ammunition? There are cartridges with simple steel and heat-treated cores, with enhanced penetration, armor-piercing, armor-piercing incendiary cartridges etc… Therefore, Daimler, Audi and BMW, Porshe and Krauss-Maffei (that one that makes Leopard tanks) have adapted EN standards to the production of the automotive industry by creating BRV 1999 standards. Then, European certification and police authorities have established standards for the protection of materials APR 2006, having included there a number of Russian and new European cartridges. Then both of new standards, “automotive” and “police”, were combined into one – BRV 2009.

We use particularly this standard. As a result of researches and development projects, we ensure the protection of our armored car according to BR8 class of BRV 2009 standard. BR8 class protects the vehicle from all types of automatic weapons, including Kalashnikov assault rifle armor-piercing incendiary bullets BZ 7.62mm, which are very widespread. They represent a particular danger for passenger cars, can cause fire and smoke blanketing of the saloon. They are more dangerous than armor piercing bullets of higher energies that simply sweep a saloon without causing a fire.

Our production has international and national quality certificates of management systems standards ISO 9001, certificates of compliance of an armored vehicle with module BR6-BR8 classes of BRV 2009 standard.

Here are the tables of the basic standards of ballistic protection.